保护非法移民母亲,改善其子女心理健康状况

上传 / 雷鸣 ·2017-09-13 社会学,移民,儿童,DACA

论文标题 / Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children’s mental health

作者 / Jens Hainmueller, et al.

期刊 / Science

发表时间 / 2017-09-08

数字识别码 / 10.1126/science.aan5893

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【论文摘要】

The United States is embroiled in a debate about whether to protect or deport its estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, but the fact that these immigrants are also parents to more than 4 million U.S.-born children is often overlooked. We provide causal evidence of the impact of parents’ unauthorized immigration status on the health of their U.S. citizen children. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program granted temporary protection from deportation to more than 780,000 unauthorized immigrants. We used Medicaid claims data from Oregon and exploited the quasi-random assignment of DACA eligibility among mothers with birthdates close to the DACA age qualification cutoff. Mothers’ DACA eligibility significantly decreased adjustment and anxiety disorder diagnoses among their children. Parents’ unauthorized status is thus a substantial barrier to normal child development and perpetuates health inequalities through the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage.

 

科研圈

(导读 雷鸣)研究人员对出生日期刚好在 DACA(暂缓遣返无身份儿童法案)截点前后的儿童进行准实验调研,确认 DACA 法案明显降低受保护儿童的适应焦虑障碍。研究表明父母的非法身份成为其子女身心健康成长的巨大的阻碍。

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